Monday is Martin Luther King Jr. Day.

To celebrate, a few facts:

1. King skipped ninth and 12th grades in high school. He entered college at age 15.

2. King was the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize at age 35 in 1964.

3. King originally was named Michael, after his father. But his father had it legally changed to Martin Luther King Jr. when he was a child, in honor of the German reformer Martin Luther.

4. All 50 states did not officially observe Martin Luther King Jr. Day until 2000. Virginia had celebrated the birthday of Confederate general Robert E. Lee as a holiday since 1889 and later the birthday of Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was added, making it Lee-Jackson Day. Lee-Jackson-King Day was celebrated from 1984 until 2000, when Gov. Jim Gilmore proposed splitting them into two separate holidays. Lee-Jackson Day is currently observed on the Friday before Martin Luther King Jr. Day on Monday.

5. While federal offices and public schools are closed on Monday in observance of MLK Day, most businesses do not offer it as a holiday to their employees. According to a survey from the Bloomberg Bureau of National Affairs, only 3 in 10 employers give workers the day off with pay.

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— Colleen Curran

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