BLACKSBURG — Anurag Mantha didn’t want to wait when he saw the data: Roughly 1 in 3 Virginia Tech students have faced hunger or malnutrition on campus.
Mantha and Cortney Steele, both graduate students, launched a $10,000 GoFundMe campaign in October to hand out $200 grocery cards to 50 students who ask for help. The organization they founded, Food Access for Students, has raised $6,700 from 69 donors as of Tuesday afternoon.
“Food insecurity is a large, complex problem,” Steele said. “But we wanted to have a mechanism where we could start taking some kind of action, even if it is a short-term fix for one individual.”
The campaign was inspired by the first draft of a study, released in late October by Tech researchers, showing that 35% of graduate students and 29% of undergraduates are considered as having low or very low food security. The survey had margins of error of 7 percentage points and 3.8 percentage points for graduate students and undergraduates, respectively.
Food security is a U.S. Department of Agriculture classification that defines low security as “reduced quality, variety or desirability of diet” and very low security as “disrupted eating patterns and reduced food intake.”
While Tech’s rate is comparable to that at other colleges and universities, the findings have raised awareness on campus of the problem’s reach.
“I found it to be surprising and, frankly, alarming,” said Mehdi Ahmadian, a mechanical engineering professor, referring to preliminary data cited on the GoFundMe page. “When one thinks about a university campus, often we associate that to be a more affluent community where it is isolated from issues such as homelessness and hunger.”
In recent years, scores of studies have examined the issue of hunger, malnutrition and homelessness on college campuses. A landmark study in April from a Temple University professor reported that 45% of 86,000 students nationwide were food-insecure over the previous month.
“Part of her recommendation was to not sit on the data,” Mantha said. “Action can be a catalyst for more action, can inspire action from other people.”
Launching a crowdsourced fundraiser is second nature to Mantha. In 2015, he started a GoFundMe effort to buy water filters for residents of Flint, Mich., as part of a Virginia Tech team that examined lead poisoning in the city’s water.
Mantha and Steele said they felt the severity of malnutrition demanded immediate action.
“Traditionally, the response for any issue has been to go to the shared governance structure and to create task forces, which to me personally seems like a very slow response to an issue that is affecting students everyday around our campuses,” Mantha said.
Ralph Hall, a lead faculty author of Tech’s study, said the data will help guide administrators as they plan campuswide conversations on how best to address the issues involved.
“I think the one position we’ve taken in this study is we really upfront have said no student should be in a situation where they’re going hungry in any shape or form,” Hall said.
While the study’s authors don’t advocate for specific remedies, the report identifies several possible solutions to address food insecurity, such as making sure students are aware of resources, subsidizing dining costs, increasing graduate student stipends and creating a university-run food pantry.
The study notes several resources that are already in place, such as 209 Manna Ministries, a food pantry that serves Tech students, which opened in 2013. (Out of a subset of 199 respondents, the survey found that 19% felt uncomfortable using a religiously affiliated food pantry.)
Lack of money and access to grocery stores were the main reasons cited by students who said they sometimes or often didn’t have enough to eat.
International students were 1.4 times more likely than domestic students to be food-insecure, the study found. Such students aren’t able to hold off-campus jobs and can face repercussions for taking public assistance.
Of the 199 who were students asked why they hadn’t used a food assistance program, two-thirds said others need the help more than they do.
“Being a graduate student at Virginia Tech means you have some sort of privilege,” Mantha said. “From that privileged position ... I personally, and others I’ve talked to, have felt that others might need this help more than me, from food banks and stuff, which is why they do not ask for help when needed.”
Elly Haden, president of the Food Justice at Virginia Tech club, said she has often seen that sense of denial in students who conflate hunger with “part of the ‘hardship struggle’ culture of college.”
“Someone will say, ‘I haven’t eaten all day,’” Haden said. “A lot of people may not even be aware that they are considered food-insecure.”
Brian Kleiner, director of the university’s school of construction, donated $200 to the GoFundMe effort in part because it reminded him of his own struggles in school.
“I reflected, frankly, on my own college days and thought, ‘Well, it was a thing for me, so perhaps it still is for students,’” Kleiner said. “I remember in college for many weeks my diet consisted of macaroni and cheese out of the box, because that was all I could afford.”
Mantha and Steele hope their fundraiser generates greater awareness as the university explores how to tackle the various factors that can lead to students not getting enough to eat.
“The response has been amazing, and it has been humbling and overwhelming,” Mantha said. “I did not expect that within less than two weeks we would raise over $5,000, and that is a clear indication of the fact that this cause is important to the community.”